Peradeniya Depression Scale (PDS)

Information about Measure
First Name T.N.
Last Name Rajapske
Email Not Available
Affiliation Department of Psychiatry, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka
Other means of contacting author (e.g., website, Academia.edu, ResearchGate)
Mental health assessment tool that was adapted/developed/validated Peradeniya Depression Scale (PDS)
Mental health condition assessed Depressive disorders
Idiom of distress included, if any “Saankaawa” (implies sadness and grief), “Bade gindara” (“fire in the abdomen), “Waatha amaaru” (generalized discomfort)
Lifestage of interest Adult (General)
Age range (age – age) 18+
Country or countries where tool was developed/adapted/validated Sri Lanka
Language(s) of the adapted/developed/validated tool Sinhalese
Clinical or community sample? Clinical
Subpopulation in which tool was developed/validated (e.g., tool was developed and tested among middle-class women)? Community members who were presenting to a psychiatry clinic for the first time and were suffering from current Major Depressive Episode.
Development procedures locally-developed,validated
If validated, what was the gold standard? Clinical diagnosis using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM Disorders (SCID)
Description of other development procedures, if applicable
Cronbach’s alpha
Sensitivity 0.87
Spec 0.88
Other information about tool (e.g., additional psychometrics [NPV, PPV, Youden’s index, diagnostic odds ratio]) Area under the ROC curve was 0.95 (95% CI 0.91-0.99).
Citations of development/adaptation/validation studies and/or previous studies using the tool Abeyasinghe, D., Tennakoon, S., & Rajapakse, T. (2012). The development and validation of the Peradeniya Depression Scale (PDS)—A culturally relevant tool for screening of depression in Sri Lanka. Journal of Affective Disorders, 142(1-3), 143–149.
Notes when administering the tool All 25 items are summed with equal weight. A cut-off score of 10/25 is advised based on this initial validation. The tool is intended to be used for depression screening by psychiatrists but could be used by anyone who is fluent in Sinhalese.

Children’s Depression Rating Scale (CDRS) – India

Information about Measure
First Name Paul
Last Name Russell
Email Not Available
Affiliation Department of Child Health, Christian Medical College, Vellore, India
Other means of contacting author (e.g., website, Academia.edu, ResearchGate)
Mental health assessment tool that was adapted/developed/validated Children’s Depression Rating Scale (CDRS) – India
Mental health condition assessed Depressive disorders
Idiom of distress included, if any Not Applicable
Lifestage of interest Childhood or Adolescence
Age range (age – age) 14-17
Country or countries where tool was developed/adapted/validated India
Language(s) of the adapted/developed/validated tool Tamil
Clinical or community sample? Community
Subpopulation in which tool was developed/validated (e.g., tool was developed and tested among middle-class women)? Schoolchildren at private and public schools that represented high, middle, and low SES groups. All students were in grade 11 at the time of the study.
Development procedures validated,culturally-adapted
If validated, what was the gold standard? ICD-10 clinical diagnosis using a modified version of the Kiddie-SADS-Present and Lifetime version (K-SADS-PL)
Description of other development procedures, if applicable
Cronbach’s alpha 0.76
Sensitivity 0.83
Spec 0.84
Other information about tool (e.g., additional psychometrics [NPV, PPV, Youden’s index, diagnostic odds ratio]) Area under the curve in ROC was determined to be 87%. Inter-rater reliability and test-retest reliability were r = 0.73 and r = 0.98, respectively.
Citations of development/adaptation/validation studies and/or previous studies using the tool Russell, P. S., Moses, P., Basker, M., & Russell, S. (2010). Validation of the children′s depression rating scale- revised for adolescents in primary-care pediatric use in India. Indian Journal of Medical Sciences, 64(2), 72.
Notes when administering the tool The tool was intended to be used among pediatricians in India but could be administered by anyone who is fluent in Tamil. Items are weighted on various scales and sum scores are calculated at the raw sum of all items. A cut-off point of greater than or equal to 30 is suggested for this population.

Traumatic Stress Symptom Checklist (TSSC) – Turkey

Information about Measure
First Name Metin
Last Name Basoglu
Email Not Available
Affiliation Institute of Psychiatry, University of London, England
Other means of contacting author (e.g., website, Academia.edu, ResearchGate)
Mental health assessment tool that was adapted/developed/validated Traumatic Stress Symptom Checklist (TSSC) – Turkey
Mental health condition assessed Multiple disorders: trauma (PTSD) and major depressive disorders
Idiom of distress included, if any Not Applicable
Lifestage of interest Adult (General)
Age range (age – age) 16-70
Country or countries where tool was developed/adapted/validated Turkey
Language(s) of the adapted/developed/validated tool Turkish
Clinical or community sample? Community
Subpopulation in which tool was developed/validated (e.g., tool was developed and tested among middle-class women)? Earthquake survivors recruited from survivor camps and suburbs and towns near the epicenter in Golcuk.
Development procedures culturally-adapted,validated
If validated, what was the gold standard? Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale
Description of other development procedures, if applicable
Cronbach’s alpha 0.94
Sensitivity 0.83
Spec 0.73
Other information about tool (e.g., additional psychometrics [NPV, PPV, Youden’s index, diagnostic odds ratio]) For the diagnosis of MDE (major depressive disorder), the optimal cutoff point was 38 in the total scores of the 23 TSSC items.
For the diagnosis of PTSD, the optimal cutoff point was 25 in the total scores of the 17 PTSD items (sensitivity and specificity of .81).
Citations of development/adaptation/validation studies and/or previous studies using the tool Bqoglu, M., Salcioglu, E., Livanou, M., Ozeren, M., Aker, T., Kill, C., et al. (2001). A study of the validity of a screening instrument for traumatic stress in earthquake survivors in Turkey. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 14, 491-509

Bqoglu, M., Salcioglu, E., & Livanou, M. (2002). Traumatic stress responses in earthquake survivors in Turkey. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 15, 269-216.

Notes when administering the tool This tool is intended to be used with Turkish populations who have experienced trauma. The tool was culturally adapted and validated among populations who were affected by the Izmit earthquake in 1999. Anyone who speaks and writes in Turkish is able to administer the tool.

Excerpted from an online guide on scoring with the tool, “There are 4 columns in the scale. The first column denoted ‘not at all’ is scored as 0, the second ‘slightly’ as 1, the third ‘fairly’ as 2, and the forth ‘very much’ as 3. The first 17 symptoms of the scale represent PTSD. A score of 25 or more on this part means that the person is likely to have PTSD. The remaining 6 symptoms are depression symptoms and a
score of 38 or more on all items – all 23 – means that the survivor is likely to have
depression co-morbid to PTSD. Please note that with this scoring method it is not
possible to make a diagnosis of depression without PTSD.”

For more information, see: http://dabatem.org/.

Mexican Health and Age Study (MHAS) Geriatric Depression Screener

Information about Measure
First Name Sara
Last Name Gloria Aguilar-Navarro
Email Not Available
Affiliation Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán
Other means of contacting author (e.g., website, Academia.edu, ResearchGate)
Mental health assessment tool that was adapted/developed/validated Mexican Health and Age Study (MHAS) Geriatric Depression Screener
Mental health condition assessed Depressive disorders
Idiom of distress included, if any Not Applicable
Lifestage of interest elderly
Age range (age – age) 65 +
Country or countries where tool was developed/adapted/validated Mexico
Language(s) of the adapted/developed/validated tool Spanish
Clinical or community sample? Community
Subpopulation in which tool was developed/validated (e.g., tool was developed and tested among middle-class women)? Individuals older than 65 without evidence of cognitive deficits.
Development procedures locally-developed,validated
If validated, what was the gold standard? DSM-IV-TR and Yesavage’s 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15)
Description of other development procedures, if applicable
Cronbach’s alpha 0.74
Sensitivity 0.687
Spec 0.807
Other information about tool (e.g., additional psychometrics [NPV, PPV, Youden’s index, diagnostic odds ratio]) Intra-class correlation coefficient = 0.933.
Citations of development/adaptation/validation studies and/or previous studies using the tool Aguilar-Navarro, S. G., Fuentes-Cantú, A., Ávila-Funes, J. A., & García-Mayo, E. J. (2007). Validez y confiabilidad del cuestionario del ENASEM para la depresión en adultos mayores. Salud Pública De México, 49(4), 256–262.
Notes when administering the tool The tool was developed as part of a national survey of health and aging. The tool may be administered by trained researchers or clinicians that can read and write Spanish. The tool is scored using equal weights for each question that is answered with an affirmative or positive yes/no response (indicated in bold on the tool form).

Pakistan Anxiety and Depression Questionnaire

Information about Measure
First Name David
Last Name Mumford
Email Not Available
Affiliation Centre for Medical Education, University of Bristol
Other means of contacting author (e.g., website, Academia.edu, ResearchGate)
Mental health assessment tool that was adapted/developed/validated Pakistan Anxiety and Depression Questionnaire
Mental health condition assessed Multiple disorders: Common mental disorders (anxiety and depression)
Idiom of distress included, if any Multiple, including, “Do you feel like running from your home?” and “Do you feel fed up with your family members?”
Lifestage of interest Adult (General)
Age range (age – age)
Country or countries where tool was developed/adapted/validated Pakistan
Language(s) of the adapted/developed/validated tool Urdu
Clinical or community sample? Clinical
Subpopulation in which tool was developed/validated (e.g., tool was developed and tested among middle-class women)?
Development procedures locally-developed, culturally-adapted, validated
If validated, what was the gold standard? Validated using the CD-10 Diagnostic Criteria for Research to identify cases of anxiety and depression.
Description of other development procedures, if applicable
Cronbach’s alpha
Sensitivity 0.95
Spec 0.91
Other information about tool (e.g., additional psychometrics [NPV, PPV, Youden’s index, diagnostic odds ratio]) PPV: 0.91, NPV: 0.95
Citations of development/adaptation/validation studies and/or previous studies using the tool Mumford et al., 2005 D.B. Mumford, M. Ayub, R. Karim, N. Izhar, A. Asif, J.T. Bavington
Development and validation of a questionnaire for anxiety and depression in Pakistan
Journal of Affective Disorders, 88 (2005), pp. 175-182
Notes when administering the tool The questionnaire may be completed by the subject unaided or administered by a research assistant in Urdu. The final tool included 30 items which are summed with equal weight. Based on sensitivity and specificity analyses, a threshold score of 11/12 is advised. The full tool is included in both English and Urdu in the publication cited herein.

Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale- Brazilian version

Information about Measure
First Name Jefferson
Last Name Jovelino Amaral Dos Santos
Email Not Available
Affiliation Universidade Paranaense (Unipar), Toledo, PR, Brazil
Other means of contacting author (e.g., website, Academia.edu, ResearchGate)
Mental health assessment tool that was adapted/developed/validated Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale- Brazilian version
Mental health condition assessed Other: General mental health and well-being
Idiom of distress included, if any Not Applicable
Lifestage of interest Adult (General)
Age range (age – age)
Country or countries where tool was developed/adapted/validated Brazil
Language(s) of the adapted/developed/validated tool Portuguese
Clinical or community sample? Community
Subpopulation in which tool was developed/validated (e.g., tool was developed and tested among middle-class women)? The final version of the scale was administered among college students. During the translation process, a sample ranging in ages from 20-40 was included.
Development procedures Culturally adapted
If validated, what was the gold standard?
Description of other development procedures, if applicable
Cronbach’s alpha 0.89
Sensitivity
Spec
Other information about tool (e.g., additional psychometrics [NPV, PPV, Youden’s index, diagnostic odds ratio])
Citations of development/adaptation/validation studies and/or previous studies using the tool Santos, J. J., Costa, T. A., Guilherme, J. H., Silva, W. C., Abentroth, L. R., Krebs, J. A., & Sotoriva, P. (2015). Adaptation and cross-cultural validation of the Brazilian version of the Warwick-Edinburgh mental well-being scale. Revista Da Associação Médica Brasileira, 61(3), 209-214. doi:10.1590/1806-9282.61.03.209
Notes when administering the tool The scale consists of 14 total items. The final score is calculated by adding up the response of each item, ranging from 1 to 5, obtaining a result from 14 to 70 points, where a higher score is indicative of better mental well-being.

Brazilian Mood and Feelings Questionnaire (MFQ) – Long Version

Information about Measure
First Name Martha
Last Name Rosa
Email Not Available
Affiliation Departamento de Psiquiatria e Medicina Legal, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
Other means of contacting author (e.g., website, Academia.edu, ResearchGate)
Mental health assessment tool that was adapted/developed/validated Brazilian Mood and Feelings Questionnaire (MFQ) – Long Version
Mental health condition assessed Depressive disorders
Idiom of distress included, if any Not Applicable
Lifestage of interest Childhood or Adolescence
Age range (age – age) 2019
Country or countries where tool was developed/adapted/validated Brazil
Language(s) of the adapted/developed/validated tool Portuguese
Clinical or community sample? Clinical
Subpopulation in which tool was developed/validated (e.g., tool was developed and tested among middle-class women)? The sample group for this stage was composed of patients and primary caregivers treated at mental health clinics.
Development procedures Culturally adapted
If validated, what was the gold standard?
Description of other development procedures, if applicable The study followed a multi-step validation process from the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR).
Cronbach’s alpha
Sensitivity
Spec
Other information about tool (e.g., additional psychometrics [NPV, PPV, Youden’s index, diagnostic odds ratio])
Citations of development/adaptation/validation studies and/or previous studies using the tool Rosa M, Metcalf E, Rocha TB, Kieling C. Translation and cross-cultural adaptation into Brazilian Portuguese of the Mood and Feelings Questionnaire (MFQ) – Long Version. Trends Psychiatry Psychother. 2018;40(1):72-78. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2237-6089-2017-0019
Notes when administering the tool The tool is intended to measure Major Depressive Disorder in children and adolescents. The tool should either be administered to the adolescents or to their primary caregiver, as is deemed fit by researchers. The tool can be filled out in written form by participants. Each question is rated on a scale of 0, 1, or 2 by participants. Total scores should be calculated by summing each item with equal weight.

Short Form 36 Health Survey- Yoruba Version

Information about Measure
First Name Chidozie
Last Name Mbada
Email Not Available
Affiliation Department of Medical Rehabilitation, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile – Ife, Nigeria
Other means of contacting author (e.g., website, Academia.edu, ResearchGate) https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Chidozie_Mbada
Mental health assessment tool that was adapted/developed/validated Short Form 36 Health Survey- Yoruba Version
Mental health condition assessed Multiple disorders: Health-related quality of life, including general mental health
Idiom of distress included, if any Not Applicable
Lifestage of interest Adult (General)
Age range (age – age) 18-70
Country or countries where tool was developed/adapted/validated Nigeria
Language(s) of the adapted/developed/validated tool Yoruba
Clinical or community sample? Community
Subpopulation in which tool was developed/validated (e.g., tool was developed and tested among middle-class women)? Tool was adapted among students, workers, and residents of Ile-Ife, in Osun state.
Development procedures Culturally adapted
If validated, what was the gold standard?
Description of other development procedures, if applicable
Cronbach’s alpha >0.70
Sensitivity
Spec
Other information about tool (e.g., additional psychometrics [NPV, PPV, Youden’s index, diagnostic odds ratio])
Citations of development/adaptation/validation studies and/or previous studies using the tool Mbadaet al. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes (2015) 13:141 DOI 10.1186/s12955-015-0337-y
Notes when administering the tool The tool should be administered by a trained research assistant in the Yoruba language. As with other versions of the SF-36, the Yoruba translation consists of eight subscales and the sum score on each is the weighted sum of the questions for that section. Each scale is transformed into a 0-100 scale on the assumption that each question carries equal weight. Total scores are then summed from each subscale, with lower scores denoting more disability.

Liberian Distress Screener

Information about Measure
First Name Katrin
Last Name Fabian
Email Not Available
Affiliation Department of Global Health, University of Washington
Other means of contacting author (e.g., website, Academia.edu, ResearchGate)
Mental health assessment tool that was adapted/developed/validated Liberian Distress Screener
Mental health condition assessed Trauma- and stressor-related disorders
Idiom of distress included, if any Scale includes 11 unique Liberian idioms of distress
Lifestage of interest Adult (General)
Age range (age – age) 19-81
Country or countries where tool was developed/adapted/validated Liberia
Language(s) of the adapted/developed/validated tool Liberian English
Clinical or community sample? Community
Subpopulation in which tool was developed/validated (e.g., tool was developed and tested among middle-class women)?
Development procedures Locally developed
If validated, what was the gold standard?
Description of other development procedures, if applicable
Cronbach’s alpha
Sensitivity
Spec
Other information about tool (e.g., additional psychometrics [NPV, PPV, Youden’s index, diagnostic odds ratio])
Citations of development/adaptation/validation studies and/or previous studies using the tool Fabian, K., Fannoh, J., Washington, G. G., Geninyan, W. B., Nyachienga, B., Cyrus, G., & Hallowanger, J. (2018). ‘‘My Heart Die in Me’’: Idioms of Distress and the Development of a Screening Tool for Mental Suffering in Southeast Liberia. Cultural Medical Psychiatry, (42), 684-703.
Notes when administering the tool The tool may be filled out by participants or administered verbally. Total scores are generated by summing each item with equal weight. More extensive work evaluating the screener is anticipated by its authors.

Arab Youth Mental Health Scale

Information about Measure
First Name Rema
Last Name Afifi
Email Not Available
Affiliation Department of Health Behavior and Education, American University of Beirut
Other means of contacting author (e.g., website, Academia.edu, ResearchGate)
Mental health assessment tool that was adapted/developed/validated Arab Youth Mental Health Scale
Mental health condition assessed Multiple disorders: Common mental disorders
Idiom of distress included, if any Not Applicable
Lifestage of interest Childhood or Adolescence
Age range (age – age) 13-17
Country or countries where tool was developed/adapted/validated Lebanon
Language(s) of the adapted/developed/validated tool Arabic
Clinical or community sample? Community
Subpopulation in which tool was developed/validated (e.g., tool was developed and tested among middle-class women)?
Development procedures Locally developed
If validated, what was the gold standard?
Description of other development procedures, if applicable Several items used in the construction of the Arab Youth Mental Health Scale were pulled from existing surveys, specifically the Center for Epidemiological Studies- Depression Scale, the Hopkins Symptom Checklist, and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire.
Cronbach’s alpha 0.901
Sensitivity
Spec
Other information about tool (e.g., additional psychometrics [NPV, PPV, Youden’s index, diagnostic odds ratio])
Citations of development/adaptation/validation studies and/or previous studies using the tool Makhoul, J., Nakkash, R. T., Hajj, T. E., Abdulrahim, S., Kanj, M., Mahfoud, Z., & Afifi, R. A. (2010). Development and Validation of the Arab Youth Mental Health Scale. Community Mental Health Journal, 47(3), 331-340. doi:10.1007/s10597-010-9312-6
Notes when administering the tool The tool should be administered by trained research assistants who are fluent in Arabic.