Pakistan Anxiety and Depression Questionnaire

Information about Measure
First Name David
Last Name Mumford
Email Not Available
Affiliation Centre for Medical Education, University of Bristol
Other means of contacting author (e.g., website, Academia.edu, ResearchGate)
Mental health assessment tool that was adapted/developed/validated Pakistan Anxiety and Depression Questionnaire
Mental health condition assessed Multiple disorders: Common mental disorders (anxiety and depression)
Idiom of distress included, if any Multiple, including, “Do you feel like running from your home?” and “Do you feel fed up with your family members?”
Lifestage of interest Adult (General)
Age range (age – age)
Country or countries where tool was developed/adapted/validated Pakistan
Language(s) of the adapted/developed/validated tool Urdu
Clinical or community sample? Clinical
Subpopulation in which tool was developed/validated (e.g., tool was developed and tested among middle-class women)?
Development procedures locally-developed, culturally-adapted, validated
If validated, what was the gold standard? Validated using the CD-10 Diagnostic Criteria for Research to identify cases of anxiety and depression.
Description of other development procedures, if applicable
Cronbach’s alpha
Sensitivity 0.95
Spec 0.91
Other information about tool (e.g., additional psychometrics [NPV, PPV, Youden’s index, diagnostic odds ratio]) PPV: 0.91, NPV: 0.95
Citations of development/adaptation/validation studies and/or previous studies using the tool Mumford et al., 2005 D.B. Mumford, M. Ayub, R. Karim, N. Izhar, A. Asif, J.T. Bavington
Development and validation of a questionnaire for anxiety and depression in Pakistan
Journal of Affective Disorders, 88 (2005), pp. 175-182
Notes when administering the tool The questionnaire may be completed by the subject unaided or administered by a research assistant in Urdu. The final tool included 30 items which are summed with equal weight. Based on sensitivity and specificity analyses, a threshold score of 11/12 is advised. The full tool is included in both English and Urdu in the publication cited herein.

Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale- Brazilian version

Information about Measure
First Name Jefferson
Last Name Jovelino Amaral Dos Santos
Email Not Available
Affiliation Universidade Paranaense (Unipar), Toledo, PR, Brazil
Other means of contacting author (e.g., website, Academia.edu, ResearchGate)
Mental health assessment tool that was adapted/developed/validated Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale- Brazilian version
Mental health condition assessed Other: General mental health and well-being
Idiom of distress included, if any Not Applicable
Lifestage of interest Adult (General)
Age range (age – age)
Country or countries where tool was developed/adapted/validated Brazil
Language(s) of the adapted/developed/validated tool Portuguese
Clinical or community sample? Community
Subpopulation in which tool was developed/validated (e.g., tool was developed and tested among middle-class women)? The final version of the scale was administered among college students. During the translation process, a sample ranging in ages from 20-40 was included.
Development procedures Culturally adapted
If validated, what was the gold standard?
Description of other development procedures, if applicable
Cronbach’s alpha 0.89
Sensitivity
Spec
Other information about tool (e.g., additional psychometrics [NPV, PPV, Youden’s index, diagnostic odds ratio])
Citations of development/adaptation/validation studies and/or previous studies using the tool Santos, J. J., Costa, T. A., Guilherme, J. H., Silva, W. C., Abentroth, L. R., Krebs, J. A., & Sotoriva, P. (2015). Adaptation and cross-cultural validation of the Brazilian version of the Warwick-Edinburgh mental well-being scale. Revista Da Associação Médica Brasileira, 61(3), 209-214. doi:10.1590/1806-9282.61.03.209
Notes when administering the tool The scale consists of 14 total items. The final score is calculated by adding up the response of each item, ranging from 1 to 5, obtaining a result from 14 to 70 points, where a higher score is indicative of better mental well-being.

Brazilian Mood and Feelings Questionnaire (MFQ) – Long Version

Information about Measure
First Name Martha
Last Name Rosa
Email Not Available
Affiliation Departamento de Psiquiatria e Medicina Legal, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
Other means of contacting author (e.g., website, Academia.edu, ResearchGate)
Mental health assessment tool that was adapted/developed/validated Brazilian Mood and Feelings Questionnaire (MFQ) – Long Version
Mental health condition assessed Depressive disorders
Idiom of distress included, if any Not Applicable
Lifestage of interest Childhood or Adolescence
Age range (age – age) 2019
Country or countries where tool was developed/adapted/validated Brazil
Language(s) of the adapted/developed/validated tool Portuguese
Clinical or community sample? Clinical
Subpopulation in which tool was developed/validated (e.g., tool was developed and tested among middle-class women)? The sample group for this stage was composed of patients and primary caregivers treated at mental health clinics.
Development procedures Culturally adapted
If validated, what was the gold standard?
Description of other development procedures, if applicable The study followed a multi-step validation process from the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR).
Cronbach’s alpha
Sensitivity
Spec
Other information about tool (e.g., additional psychometrics [NPV, PPV, Youden’s index, diagnostic odds ratio])
Citations of development/adaptation/validation studies and/or previous studies using the tool Rosa M, Metcalf E, Rocha TB, Kieling C. Translation and cross-cultural adaptation into Brazilian Portuguese of the Mood and Feelings Questionnaire (MFQ) – Long Version. Trends Psychiatry Psychother. 2018;40(1):72-78. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2237-6089-2017-0019
Notes when administering the tool The tool is intended to measure Major Depressive Disorder in children and adolescents. The tool should either be administered to the adolescents or to their primary caregiver, as is deemed fit by researchers. The tool can be filled out in written form by participants. Each question is rated on a scale of 0, 1, or 2 by participants. Total scores should be calculated by summing each item with equal weight.

Short Form 36 Health Survey- Yoruba Version

Information about Measure
First Name Chidozie
Last Name Mbada
Email Not Available
Affiliation Department of Medical Rehabilitation, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile – Ife, Nigeria
Other means of contacting author (e.g., website, Academia.edu, ResearchGate) https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Chidozie_Mbada
Mental health assessment tool that was adapted/developed/validated Short Form 36 Health Survey- Yoruba Version
Mental health condition assessed Multiple disorders: Health-related quality of life, including general mental health
Idiom of distress included, if any Not Applicable
Lifestage of interest Adult (General)
Age range (age – age) 18-70
Country or countries where tool was developed/adapted/validated Nigeria
Language(s) of the adapted/developed/validated tool Yoruba
Clinical or community sample? Community
Subpopulation in which tool was developed/validated (e.g., tool was developed and tested among middle-class women)? Tool was adapted among students, workers, and residents of Ile-Ife, in Osun state.
Development procedures Culturally adapted
If validated, what was the gold standard?
Description of other development procedures, if applicable
Cronbach’s alpha >0.70
Sensitivity
Spec
Other information about tool (e.g., additional psychometrics [NPV, PPV, Youden’s index, diagnostic odds ratio])
Citations of development/adaptation/validation studies and/or previous studies using the tool Mbadaet al. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes (2015) 13:141 DOI 10.1186/s12955-015-0337-y
Notes when administering the tool The tool should be administered by a trained research assistant in the Yoruba language. As with other versions of the SF-36, the Yoruba translation consists of eight subscales and the sum score on each is the weighted sum of the questions for that section. Each scale is transformed into a 0-100 scale on the assumption that each question carries equal weight. Total scores are then summed from each subscale, with lower scores denoting more disability.

Liberian Distress Screener

Information about Measure
First Name Katrin
Last Name Fabian
Email Not Available
Affiliation Department of Global Health, University of Washington
Other means of contacting author (e.g., website, Academia.edu, ResearchGate)
Mental health assessment tool that was adapted/developed/validated Liberian Distress Screener
Mental health condition assessed Trauma- and stressor-related disorders
Idiom of distress included, if any Scale includes 11 unique Liberian idioms of distress
Lifestage of interest Adult (General)
Age range (age – age) 19-81
Country or countries where tool was developed/adapted/validated Liberia
Language(s) of the adapted/developed/validated tool Liberian English
Clinical or community sample? Community
Subpopulation in which tool was developed/validated (e.g., tool was developed and tested among middle-class women)?
Development procedures Locally developed
If validated, what was the gold standard?
Description of other development procedures, if applicable
Cronbach’s alpha
Sensitivity
Spec
Other information about tool (e.g., additional psychometrics [NPV, PPV, Youden’s index, diagnostic odds ratio])
Citations of development/adaptation/validation studies and/or previous studies using the tool Fabian, K., Fannoh, J., Washington, G. G., Geninyan, W. B., Nyachienga, B., Cyrus, G., & Hallowanger, J. (2018). ‘‘My Heart Die in Me’’: Idioms of Distress and the Development of a Screening Tool for Mental Suffering in Southeast Liberia. Cultural Medical Psychiatry, (42), 684-703.
Notes when administering the tool The tool may be filled out by participants or administered verbally. Total scores are generated by summing each item with equal weight. More extensive work evaluating the screener is anticipated by its authors.

Arab Youth Mental Health Scale

Information about Measure
First Name Rema
Last Name Afifi
Email Not Available
Affiliation Department of Health Behavior and Education, American University of Beirut
Other means of contacting author (e.g., website, Academia.edu, ResearchGate)
Mental health assessment tool that was adapted/developed/validated Arab Youth Mental Health Scale
Mental health condition assessed Multiple disorders: Common mental disorders
Idiom of distress included, if any Not Applicable
Lifestage of interest Childhood or Adolescence
Age range (age – age) 13-17
Country or countries where tool was developed/adapted/validated Lebanon
Language(s) of the adapted/developed/validated tool Arabic
Clinical or community sample? Community
Subpopulation in which tool was developed/validated (e.g., tool was developed and tested among middle-class women)?
Development procedures Locally developed
If validated, what was the gold standard?
Description of other development procedures, if applicable Several items used in the construction of the Arab Youth Mental Health Scale were pulled from existing surveys, specifically the Center for Epidemiological Studies- Depression Scale, the Hopkins Symptom Checklist, and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire.
Cronbach’s alpha 0.901
Sensitivity
Spec
Other information about tool (e.g., additional psychometrics [NPV, PPV, Youden’s index, diagnostic odds ratio])
Citations of development/adaptation/validation studies and/or previous studies using the tool Makhoul, J., Nakkash, R. T., Hajj, T. E., Abdulrahim, S., Kanj, M., Mahfoud, Z., & Afifi, R. A. (2010). Development and Validation of the Arab Youth Mental Health Scale. Community Mental Health Journal, 47(3), 331-340. doi:10.1007/s10597-010-9312-6
Notes when administering the tool The tool should be administered by trained research assistants who are fluent in Arabic.

Hopkins Symptom Checklist-37A (HSCL-37A) – Congo

Information about Measure
First Name Cindy
Last Name Mels
Email Not Available
Affiliation Department of Orthopedagogics, Ghent University
Other means of contacting author (e.g., website, Academia.edu, ResearchGate)
Mental health assessment tool that was adapted/developed/validated Hopkins Symptom Checklist-37A (HSCL-37A) – Congo
Mental health condition assessed Multiple disorders: Common mental disorders; Behavioral Problems
Idiom of distress included, if any Not Applicable
Lifestage of interest Childhood or Adolescence and Young Adults
Age range (age – age) 13-21
Country or countries where tool was developed/adapted/validated Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo
Language(s) of the adapted/developed/validated tool Congolese French and Swahili
Clinical or community sample? Community
Subpopulation in which tool was developed/validated (e.g., tool was developed and tested among middle-class women)? 13 secondary schools in the Ituri district
Development procedures Culturally adapted
If validated, what was the gold standard?
Description of other development procedures, if applicable
Cronbach’s alpha 0.91
Sensitivity
Spec
Other information about tool (e.g., additional psychometrics [NPV, PPV, Youden’s index, diagnostic odds ratio])
Citations of development/adaptation/validation studies and/or previous studies using the tool Mels, C., Derluyn, I., Broekaert, E., & Rosseel, Y. (2009). Community-based cross-cultural adaptation of mental health measures in emergency settings: Validating the IES-R and HSCL-37A in Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 45(9), 899-910. doi:10.1007/s00127-009-0128-z
Notes when administering the tool The instrument may be self-administered or verbally administered by a trained research assistant, depending upon the age and other characteristics of the study population. In the original development of this tool, a more rigorous translation procedure was adopted for the Congolese French version than for the Swahili version, though most students in the publication sample completed the Swahili HSCL-37A. The HSCL-37A items range on a likert scale and all items should be summed with equal weight to calculate a participant’s total score.

Child and Adolescent Symptom Inventory-5 (CASI-5) – Uganda

Information about Measure
First Name Richard Stephen
Last Name Mpango
Email Not Available
Affiliation Research Scientist, Mental Health Project, MRC/UVRI Uganda Research Unit on AIDS
Other means of contacting author (e.g., website, Academia.edu, ResearchGate)
Mental health assessment tool that was adapted/developed/validated Child and Adolescent Symptom Inventory-5 (CASI-5) – Uganda
Mental health condition assessed Multiple disorders: Common emotional and behavioral disorders
Idiom of distress included, if any Several idioms of distress are captured in the adapted version of the scale
Lifestage of interest Childhood or Adolescence
Age range (age – age)
Country or countries where tool was developed/adapted/validated Uganda
Language(s) of the adapted/developed/validated tool Luganda
Clinical or community sample? Clinical
Subpopulation in which tool was developed/validated (e.g., tool was developed and tested among middle-class women)? Caregivers of children attending a Child and Adolescent HIV Clinic at Butabika Hospital
Development procedures Culturally adapted
If validated, what was the gold standard?
Description of other development procedures, if applicable
Cronbach’s alpha
Sensitivity
Spec
Other information about tool (e.g., additional psychometrics [NPV, PPV, Youden’s index, diagnostic odds ratio])
Citations of development/adaptation/validation studies and/or previous studies using the tool Mpango, R. S., Kinyanda, E., Rukundo, G. Z., Gadow, K. D., & Patel, V. (2017). Cross-cultural adaptation of the Child and Adolescent Symptom Inventory-5 (CASI-5) for use in central and south-western Uganda: The CHAKA project. Tropical Doctor, 47(4), 347-354. doi:10.1177/0049475517724688
Notes when administering the tool The tool should be administered by trained research assistants who are fluent in Luganda. Trained research assistants should administer the tool to the primary caretaker of the children participating in the study.

Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)

Information about Measure
First Name Ayalu
Last Name Reda
Email Not Available
Affiliation Haramaya University, Department of Public Health
Other means of contacting author (e.g., website, Academia.edu, ResearchGate)
Mental health assessment tool that was adapted/developed/validated Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)
Mental health condition assessed Multiple disorders: Anxiety and depression
Idiom of distress included, if any Not Applicable
Lifestage of interest Adult (General)
Age range (age – age)
Country or countries where tool was developed/adapted/validated Ethiopia
Language(s) of the adapted/developed/validated tool Amharic
Clinical or community sample? Clinical
Subpopulation in which tool was developed/validated (e.g., tool was developed and tested among middle-class women)? Adults with HIV/AIDS taking anti-retroviral treatment
Development procedures Culturally adapted
If validated, what was the gold standard?
Description of other development procedures, if applicable
Cronbach’s alpha 0.87
Sensitivity
Spec
Other information about tool (e.g., additional psychometrics [NPV, PPV, Youden’s index, diagnostic odds ratio]) The internal consistency was 0.78 for the anxiety, 0.76 for depression subscales and 0.87 for the full scale of HADS. The intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) was 80%, 86%, and 84% for the anxiety and depression subscales, and total score, respectively.
Links to development/adaptation/validation studies and/or previous studies using the tool Reda, A. A. (2011). Reliability and Validity of the Ethiopian Version of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) in HIV Infected Patients. PLoS ONE, 6(1). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0016049
Notes when administering the tool The HADS can be broken down into depression and anxiety subscales, as illustrated in the study cited under the Links tab. Each item is rated on a Likert scale from 0-3 and all items are summed with equal weight. Sub-scoreson the anxiety or depression subscales ranging from 0 to 7 areconsidered normal; while 8 to 10 and 11 to 21 are considered ‘cause for concern’ and ‘probable cases of anxiety or depression’
respectively.

Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) – Kenya

Information about Measure
First Name Enbal
Last Name Shacham
Email Not Available
Affiliation Department of Psychiatry, Washington University
Other means of contacting author (e.g., website, Academia.edu, ResearchGate)
Mental health assessment tool that was adapted/developed/validated Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) – Kenya
Mental health condition assessed Other: Psychological Distress Symptoms
Idiom of distress included, if any Not Applicable
Lifestage of interest Adult (General)
Age range (age – age)
Country or countries where tool was developed/adapted/validated Kenya
Language(s) of the adapted/developed/validated tool Swahili
Clinical or community sample? Other
Subpopulation in which tool was developed/validated (e.g., tool was developed and tested among middle-class women)? Individuals Participating in a Support Group for HIV/AIDS Patients
Development procedures Culturally adapted and validated
If validated, what was the gold standard? Convergent Validity from Community Focus Groups
Description of other development procedures, if applicable
Cronbach’s alpha 0.95
Sensitivity
Spec
Other information about tool (e.g., additional psychometrics [NPV, PPV, Youden’s index, diagnostic odds ratio]) Cronbach’s alpha was assessed for the various subscales examined in the original study (cited in the Links tab). The global severity index (GSI) exhibited the best internal reliability at 0.95, and is therefore encouraged for use. The Intraclass coefficient (ICC) for the GSI was 0.70.
Links to development/adaptation/validation studies and/or previous studies using the tool Enbal Shacham, Michael Reece, Patrick O. Monahan, Violet Yebei, Otieno
Omollo, Willis Owino Ong’or & Claris Ojwang (2008) Measuring psychological distress symptoms in individuals living with HIV in western Kenya, Journal of Mental Health, 17:4, 424-434, DOI:10.1080/09638230701530192
Notes when administering the tool The instrument should be administered verbally in Swahili by a trained research assistant. Each item is scored from 0 to 4 and the sum score is calculated by summing each item with equal weight.