Mexican Health and Age Study (MHAS) Geriatric Depression Screener

Information about Measure
First Name Sara
Last Name Gloria Aguilar-Navarro
Email Not Available
Affiliation Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán
Other means of contacting author (e.g., website,, ResearchGate)
Mental health assessment tool that was adapted/developed/validated Mexican Health and Age Study (MHAS) Geriatric Depression Screener
Mental health condition assessed Depressive Disorders
Idiom of distress included, if any Not Applicable
Lifestage of interest Elderly
Age range (age – age) 65 +
Country or countries where tool was developed/adapted/validated Mexico
Language(s) of the adapted/developed/validated tool Spanish
Clinical or community sample? Community
Subpopulation in which tool was developed/validated (e.g., tool was developed and tested among middle-class women)? Individuals older than 65 without evidence of cognitive deficits.
Development procedures locally-developed,validated
If validated, what was the gold standard? DSM-IV-TR and Yesavage’s 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15)
Description of other development procedures, if applicable
Cronbach’s alpha 0.74
Sensitivity 0.687
Spec 0.807
Other information about tool (e.g., additional psychometrics [NPV, PPV, Youden’s index, diagnostic odds ratio]) Intra-class correlation coefficient = 0.933.
Citations of development/adaptation/validation studies and/or previous studies using the tool Aguilar-Navarro, S. G., Fuentes-Cantú, A., Ávila-Funes, J. A., & García-Mayo, E. J. (2007). Validez y confiabilidad del cuestionario del ENASEM para la depresión en adultos mayores. Salud Pública De México, 49(4), 256–262.
Notes when administering the tool The tool was developed as part of a national survey of health and aging. The tool may be administered by trained researchers or clinicians that can read and write Spanish. The tool is scored using equal weights for each question that is answered with an affirmative or positive yes/no response (indicated in bold on the tool form).