Children’s Depression Rating Scale (CDRS) – India

Information about Measure
First Name Paul
Last Name Russell
Email Not Available
Affiliation Department of Child Health, Christian Medical College, Vellore, India
Other means of contacting author (e.g., website,, ResearchGate)
Mental health assessment tool that was adapted/developed/validated Children’s Depression Rating Scale (CDRS) – India
Mental health condition assessed Depressive Disorders
Idiom of distress included, if any Not Applicable
Lifestage of interest Childhood or Adolescence
Age range (age – age) 14-17
Country or countries where tool was developed/adapted/validated India
Language(s) of the adapted/developed/validated tool Tamil
Clinical or community sample? Community
Subpopulation in which tool was developed/validated (e.g., tool was developed and tested among middle-class women)? Schoolchildren at private and public schools that represented high, middle, and low SES groups. All students were in grade 11 at the time of the study.
Development procedures validated,culturally-adapted
If validated, what was the gold standard? ICD-10 clinical diagnosis using a modified version of the Kiddie-SADS-Present and Lifetime version (K-SADS-PL)
Description of other development procedures, if applicable
Cronbach’s alpha 0.76
Sensitivity 0.83
Spec 0.84
Other information about tool (e.g., additional psychometrics [NPV, PPV, Youden’s index, diagnostic odds ratio]) Area under the curve in ROC was determined to be 87%. Inter-rater reliability and test-retest reliability were r = 0.73 and r = 0.98, respectively.
Citations of development/adaptation/validation studies and/or previous studies using the tool Russell, P. S., Moses, P., Basker, M., & Russell, S. (2010). Validation of the children′s depression rating scale- revised for adolescents in primary-care pediatric use in India. Indian Journal of Medical Sciences, 64(2), 72.
Notes when administering the tool The tool was intended to be used among pediatricians in India but could be administered by anyone who is fluent in Tamil. Items are weighted on various scales and sum scores are calculated at the raw sum of all items. A cut-off point of greater than or equal to 30 is suggested for this population.