Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10) – Burkina Faso

Information about Measure
First Name Rebecca
Last Name Baggaley
Email Not Available
Affiliation Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine
Other means of contacting author (e.g., website,, ResearchGate)
Mental health assessment tool that was adapted/developed/validated Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10) – Burkina Faso
Mental health condition assessed Depressive Disorders
Idiom of distress included, if any Not Applicable
Lifestage of interest Adult (General)
Age range (age – age) 17-46
Country or countries where tool was developed/adapted/validated Burkina Faso
Language(s) of the adapted/developed/validated tool West African French, Moore, and Dioula
Clinical or community sample? Other
Subpopulation in which tool was developed/validated (e.g., tool was developed and tested among middle-class women)? Postpartum women and women with early pregnancy loss enrolled in a separate cohort study
Development procedures validated
If validated, what was the gold standard? Clinical diagnosis based on the ICD-10 criteria, assessed during psychiatric interviews
Description of other development procedures, if applicable
Cronbach’s alpha 0.87
Sensitivity 0.59
Spec 0.91
Other information about tool (e.g., additional psychometrics [NPV, PPV, Youden’s index, diagnostic odds ratio])
Citations of development/adaptation/validation studies and/or previous studies using the tool Baggaley, R. F., Ganaba, R., Filippi, V., Kere, M., Marshall, T., Sombié, I.,Patel, V. (2007). Short communication: Detecting depression after pregnancy: the validity of the K10 and K6 in Burkina Faso. Tropical Medicine & International Health12(10), 1225–1229. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3156.2007.01906.x
Notes when administering the tool The tool may be administered by anyone who can read/write in the appropriate language (this tool has three versions: West African French, Moore, and Dioula) in order to reach the majority population of Burkina Faso and local language groups. Scores are calculated by summing all items with equal weight. Based on the listed psychometrics, the suggested cut-off is a score of greater than or equal to 14.