Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) – Kenya

Information about Measure
First Name Enbal
Last Name Shacham
Email Not Available
Affiliation Department of Psychiatry, Washington University
Other means of contacting author (e.g., website,, ResearchGate)
Mental health assessment tool that was adapted/developed/validated Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) – Kenya
Mental health condition assessed Trauma- and Stressor-Related Disorders
Idiom of distress included, if any Not Applicable
Lifestage of interest Adult (General)
Age range (age – age)
Country or countries where tool was developed/adapted/validated Kenya
Language(s) of the adapted/developed/validated tool Swahili
Clinical or community sample? Other
Subpopulation in which tool was developed/validated (e.g., tool was developed and tested among middle-class women)? Individuals Participating in a Support Group for HIV/AIDS Patients
Development procedures Culturally adapted and validated
If validated, what was the gold standard? Convergent Validity from Community Focus Groups
Description of other development procedures, if applicable
Cronbach’s alpha 0.95
Other information about tool (e.g., additional psychometrics [NPV, PPV, Youden’s index, diagnostic odds ratio]) Cronbach’s alpha was assessed for the various subscales examined in the original study (cited in the Links tab). The global severity index (GSI) exhibited the best internal reliability at 0.95, and is therefore encouraged for use. The Intraclass coefficient (ICC) for the GSI was 0.70.
Links to development/adaptation/validation studies and/or previous studies using the tool Enbal Shacham, Michael Reece, Patrick O. Monahan, Violet Yebei, Otieno
Omollo, Willis Owino Ong’or & Claris Ojwang (2008) Measuring psychological distress symptoms in individuals living with HIV in western Kenya, Journal of Mental Health, 17:4, 424-434, DOI:10.1080/09638230701530192
Notes when administering the tool The tool should be administered verbally in Swahili by a trained research assistant. Each item is scored from 0 to 4 and the sum score is calculated by summing each item with equal weight.