Pediatric Symptom Checklist (PSC) – Botswana

Information about Measure
First Name Elizabeth
Last Name Lowenthal
Affiliation University of Pennsylvania
Other means of contacting author (e.g., website,, ResearchGate)
Mental health assessment tool that was adapted/developed/validated Pediatric Symptom Checklist (PSC)
Mental health condition assessed General Mental Health/Wellbeing/Quality of Life
Idiom of distress included, if any Not Applicable
Lifestage of interest Childhood or Adolescence
Country or countries where tool was developed/adapted/validated Botswana
Language(s) of the adapted/developed/validated tool Setswana
Clinical or community sample? Clinical
Subpopulation in which tool was developed/validated (e.g., tool was developed and tested among middle-class women)? HIV-infected children aged 8 to 16 years old attending infectious disease clinics
Development procedures Culturally adapted
If validated, what was the gold standard?
Description of other development procedures, if applicable
Cronbach’s alpha 0.87
Sensitivity 0.62
Spec 0.86
Other information about tool (e.g., additional psychometrics [NPV, PPV, Youden’s index, diagnostic odds ratio]) The area under the curve (AUC) for the full 35-item scale was 0.85. Based off of this study, a cut-off score of 20 is recommended. The psychometric properties were assessed for the full 35-item PSC, as well as a shortened 17-item version. More information about the shortened 17-item version of the scale is detailed in the original publication.
Links to development/adaptation/validation studies and/or previous studies using the tool Lowenthal, E., Lawler, K., Harari, N., Moamogwe, L., Masunge, J., Masedi, M., Gross, R. (2011). Validation of the Pediatric Symptom Checklist in HIV-infected Batswana. Journal of Child & Adolescent Mental Health, 23(1), 17-28. doi:10.2989/17280583.2011.594245
Notes when administering the tool The PSC should be verbally delivered to caregivers by trained research assistants. The youth version of the PSC (PSC-Y) can be completed by children if deemed appropriate, and should also be verbally administered by trained research assistants who can aid in the completion of the scale.