Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS)- Zimbabwe

Information about Measure
First Name Dixon
Last Name Chibanda
Email Not Available
Affiliation Wake Forest University Health Sciences
Other means of contacting author (e.g., website, Academia.edu, ResearchGate)
Mental health assessment tool that was adapted/developed/validated Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS)
Mental health condition assessed Depressive disorders
Idiom of distress included, if any Not Applicable
Lifestage of interest Adult (General)
Age range (age – age)
Country or countries where tool was developed/adapted/validated Zimbabwe
Language(s) of the adapted/developed/validated tool Shona
Clinical or community sample? Clinical
Subpopulation in which tool was developed/validated (e.g., tool was developed and tested among middle-class women)? Postpartum mothers aged 18 years and older, who attended the routine postnatal check-up at 6 weeks after delivery with an infant aged between 6–7 weeks and resided within the Chitungwiza catchment area
Development procedures culturally-adapted,validated
If validated, what was the gold standard? Validated against DSM-IV criteria for major depression diagnoses by trained clinicians.
Description of other development procedures, if applicable
Cronbach’s alpha 0.87
Sensitivity 0.88
Spec 0.87
Other information about tool (e.g., additional psychometrics [NPV, PPV, Youden’s index, diagnostic odds ratio]) Additional psychometric properties assessed include: PPV: 0.74, NPV: 0.94, and AUC: 0.82.
Links to development/adaptation/validation studies and/or previous studies using the tool Chibanda, D., Mangezi, W., Tshimanga, M., Woelk, G., Rusakaniko, P., Stranix-Chibanda, L., Shetty, A. K. (2009). Validation of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale among women in a high HIV prevalence area in urban Zimbabwe. Archives of Womens Mental Health, 13(3), 201-206. doi:10.1007/s00737-009-0073-6
Notes when administering the tool Interviews were administered verbally to participants, and all items were summed with equal weight to determine a total score. Based off of this study, a cut-off score of 11 was determined to be optimal for the Shona version of the EPDS.