Hopkins Symptom Checklist- Depression Scale DRC Version

Information about Measure
First Name Judith
Last Name Bass
Email [email protected]
Affiliation Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
Other means of contacting author (e.g., website, Academia.edu, ResearchGate)
Mental health assessment tool that was adapted/developed/validated Hopkins Symptom Checklist- Depression Scale
Mental health condition assessed Depressive Disorders
Idiom of distress included, if any Not Applicable
Lifestage of interest Adult (General)
Age range (age – age)
Country or countries where tool was developed/adapted/validated Democratic Republic of the Congo
Language(s) of the adapted/developed/validated tool Lingala
Clinical or community sample? Clinical
Subpopulation in which tool was developed/validated (e.g., tool was developed and tested among middle-class women)? Tool was developed and tested among women seeking antenatal care at the Kingasani Maternity Clinic in the Kinshasa region of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. This scale is designed to be delivered to new mothers.
Development procedures Culturally adapted and validated
If validated, what was the gold standard? Assessed using convergent validity by comparing depression severity scores with severity in dysfunction (functional impairment scores)
Description of other development procedures, if applicable
Cronbach’s alpha 0.86
Sensitivity 0.81
Spec 0.80
Other information about tool (e.g., additional psychometrics [NPV, PPV, Youden’s index, diagnostic odds ratio]) Optimal cut-off for the scale determined by sensitivity and specificity analyses is a combined score of 15. From the empirical analysis, 80.3% of individuals were correctly classified. Area under the curve, (standard error), and [confidence intervals] are as follows: 0.87, (0.05), [0.76–0.98].
Links to development/adaptation/validation studies and/or previous studies using the tool Bass, J. K., Ryder, R. W., Lammers, M., Mukaba, T. N., & Bolton, P. A. (2008). Post-partum depression in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo: Validation of a concept using a mixed-methods cross-cultural approach. Tropical Medicine & International Health, 13(12), 1534-1542. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3156.2008.02160.x
Notes when administering the tool The HSCL-D should be administered verbally by researchers and/or clinicians who are bilingual or polygots, fluent in the local language, Lingala, as well as French and/or English. Total score should be calculated by summing scores on each items using equal weight.

Anyone interested in using this tool should inform Judith Bass about their intent to use it. Any reports or publications arising from use of the tool should acknowledge the Global Mental Health group at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.