Amharic Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) – Amharic

Information about Measure
First Name Fentie
Last Name Ambaw
Email Not Available
Affiliation Department of Health Education and Behavioral Sciences, Jimma University
Other means of contacting author (e.g., website,, ResearchGate)
Mental health assessment tool that was adapted/developed/validated The Amharic Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) – Amharic
Mental health condition assessed Anxiety and Depression
Idiom of distress included, if any Not Applicable
Lifestage of interest Childhood or Adolescence
Age range (age – age) 11-15
Country or countries where tool was developed/adapted/validated Ethiopia
Language(s) of the adapted/developed/validated tool Amharic
Clinical or community sample? Clinical
Subpopulation in which tool was developed/validated (e.g., tool was developed and tested among middle-class women)? Sample was drawn from 16 organizations working with orphans in Addis Ababa
Development procedures Culturally adapted
If validated, what was the gold standard?
Description of other development procedures, if applicable
Cronbach’s alpha
Other information about tool (e.g., additional psychometrics [NPV, PPV, Youden’s index, diagnostic odds ratio]) Psychometrics were assessed for the anxiety and depression subscales separately and alphas for the full scale were not assessed. The alpha coefficient for the depression subscale was 0.76 and the alpha for the anxiety subscale was 0.81.
Links to development/adaptation/validation studies and/or previous studies using the tool Ambaw, F. (2011). The Structure and Reliability of the Amharic Version of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale in Orphan Adolescents in Addis Ababa. Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences, 21(1). doi:10.4314/ejhs.v21i1.69041
Notes when administering the tool Given the age of the participants, the HADS was administered verbally to participants by trained research assistants with high school level education or higher. Each items on the HADS is scored from 0-3 points and a sum score is calculated by summing each item score with equal weight.