Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)- Nigeria

Information about Measure
First Name Abiodun
Last Name Adewuya
Email Not Available
Affiliation Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals
Other means of contacting author (e.g., website,, ResearchGate)
Mental health assessment tool that was adapted/developed/validated Beck Depression Inventory for Nigerian Adolescents
Mental health condition assessed Depressive Disorders
Idiom of distress included, if any Not Applicable
Lifestage of interest Childhood or Adolescence
Age range (age – age) 13-18
Country or countries where tool was developed/adapted/validated Nigeria
Language(s) of the adapted/developed/validated tool English
Clinical or community sample? Community
Subpopulation in which tool was developed/validated (e.g., tool was developed and tested among middle-class women)? Tool was tested among adolescents attending senior secondary schools
Development procedures validated
If validated, what was the gold standard? Validated using diagnosis of major depressive disorder (MDD) from psychiatric interviews
Description of other development procedures, if applicable
Cronbach’s alpha 0.82
Sensitivity 0.91
Spec 0.97
Other information about tool (e.g., additional psychometrics [NPV, PPV, Youden’s index, diagnostic odds ratio]) Additional psychometric properties include: PPV: 0.88, NPV: 0.98, and an AUC of 0.985.
Links to development/adaptation/validation studies and/or previous studies using the tool Adewuya AO, Ola BA, Aloba OO. Prevalence of major depressive disorders and a validation of the Beck Depression Inventory among Nigerian adolescents. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2007;16(5):287-292. doi:10.1007/s00787-006-0557-0
Notes when administering the tool The BDI may be administered by a trained research assistant for written completion by the adolescents; however, the sample population’s literacy rate should be taken into account in future studies. All items on the inventory are scored from 0-3 and summed with equal weight, giving a maximum score of 63. A cut-off score of 18 points is advised.