Hopkins Symptom Checklist- Depression Scale and Agahinda Gakabije

Information about Measure
First Name Paul
Last Name Bolton
Email [email protected]
Affiliation Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
Other means of contacting author (e.g., website, Academia.edu, ResearchGate)
Mental health assessment tool that was adapted/developed/validated Hopkins Symptom Checklist- Depression Scale and Agahinda Gakabije
Mental health condition assessed Depressive Disorders
Idiom of distress included, if any Agahinda gakabije (local idiom of distress that approximates Western category of depression)
Lifestage of interest Adult (General)
Age range (age – age)
Country or countries where tool was developed/adapted/validated Rwanda
Language(s) of the adapted/developed/validated tool Kinyarwanda
Clinical or community sample? Community
Subpopulation in which tool was developed/validated (e.g., tool was developed and tested among middle-class women)? Simple random sample of 400 houses in Kanzenze commune
Development procedures Locally developed and culturally validated
If validated, what was the gold standard?
Description of other development procedures, if applicable
Cronbach’s alpha 0.87
Other information about tool (e.g., additional psychometrics [NPV, PPV, Youden’s index, diagnostic odds ratio]) Test-retest reliability of a DHSCL-based scale was 0.67. The sensitivity of agahinda gakabije for depression was 94.7% and specificity was 38.2%.
Links to development/adaptation/validation studies and/or previous studies using the tool Bolton, P. A. (2001). Cross-cultural validity and reliability testing of a standard psychiatric assessment instrument without a gold standard. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 189(4), 238-242. https://doi.org/10.1097/00005053-200104000-00005
Notes when administering the tool This scale should be administered verbally to participants by trained researchers, in order to assess the cultural idiom of distress, participants were simply asked if they had agahinda gakabije. The adapted HSCL should be summed with all items treated at equal weight.

Anyone interested in using this tool should inform Paul Bolton about their intent to use it. Any reports or publications arising from use of the tool should acknowledge the Global Mental Health group at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.