Kreyol Distress Idiom (KDI) Scale

Information about Measure
First Name Bonnie
Last Name Kaiser
Email bfullard@gmail.com
Affiliation University of California San Diego
Other means of contacting author (e.g., website, Academia.edu, ResearchGate) https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Bonnie_Kaiser
Mental health assessment tool that was adapted/developed/validated Kreyol Distress Idiom (KDI) Scale
Mental health condition assessed Other: Multiple idioms of distress
Idiom of distress included, if any Multiple
Lifestage of interest Adult (General)
Age range (age – age) 18+
Country or countries where tool was developed/adapted/validated Haiti
Language(s) of the adapted/developed/validated tool Kreyol/Haitian Creole
Clinical or community sample? Community
Subpopulation in which tool was developed/validated (e.g., tool was developed and tested among middle-class women)? Rural communities in the Central Plateau
Development procedures Locally developed
If validated, what was the gold standard?
Description of other development procedures, if applicable
Cronbach’s alpha .89
Sensitivity
Spec
Other information about tool (e.g., additional psychometrics [NPV, PPV, Youden’s index, diagnostic odds ratio]) Principal component analysis extracted four components: (1) lack of control over thoughts and behaviors, (2) worry and rumination, (3) somatic indicators of anxiety, and (4) fatigue and foreshortened future. The KDI correlated with the BAI (r = 0.67) and BDI (r = 0.52). Factors associated with KDI score included female gender, older age, alcohol consumption, traumatic exposures, and having a household member with mental distress.
Links to development/adaptation/validation studies and/or previous studies using the tool In the original development article (Kaiser et al., 2013), 17 idioms of distress were tested; however, the final screener consists of 13 items
Kaiser, B. N., Kohrt, B. A., Keys, H. M., Khoury, N. M., & T., A.-R. (2013). Strategies for assessing mental health in Haiti: Local instrument development and transcultural translation. Transcultural Psychiatry, 50(4), 532–558. https://doi.org/10.1177/1363461513502697
Victoria N. Mutiso, Christine W. Musyimi, Tahilia J. Rebello, Isaiah Gitonga, Albert Tele, Kathleen M. Pike, David M. Ndetei. (2018) Patterns of concordances in mhGAP-IG screening and DSM-IV/ICD10 diagnoses by trained community service providers in Kenya: a pilot cross-sectional study. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 53:11, pages 1277-1287.
Notes when administering the tool Tool was designed and tested to be administered verbally among community samples. Response options correspond to a Likert scale (0-5), with all items equally weighted in generating sum scores
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