|Information about Measure|
|Other means of contacting author (e.g., website, Academia.edu, ResearchGate)||https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Nuwan_Jayawickreme/info|
|Mental health assessment tool that was adapted/developed/validated||The Penn/RESIST/Peradeniya War Problems Questionnaire, with included Depression and Anxiety Sub-Sections of War-Related Psychological and Behavioral Problems|
|Mental health condition assessed||Anxiety/Depression|
|Idiom of distress included, if any||All items derived from qualitative interviews and exploratory factor analysis. Idioms used include “disgust in life” , “thinking a lot about my past (old memories), causing psychological confusion”, and “inability to make decisions (not knowing what to talk and what not to talk”|
|Lifestage of interest||Adult (General)|
|Age range (age – age)||—|
|Country or countries where tool was developed/adapted/validated||Sri Lanka|
|Language(s) of the adapted/developed/validated tool||Tamil|
|Clinical or community sample?||Clinical|
|Subpopulation in which tool was developed/validated (e.g., tool was developed and tested among middle-class women)?||Tamil individuals who were receiving psychosocial assistance at local clinics|
|Development procedures||Culturally adapted, validated, and locally developed|
|If validated, what was the gold standard?|
|Description of other development procedures, if applicable|
|Cronbach’s alpha||.88 -.93|
|Other information about tool (e.g., additional psychometrics [NPV, PPV, Youden’s index, diagnostic odds ratio])||This locally developed tool assesses anxiety and depression symptoms related to wartime experiences in Tamil communities.
Cronbach’s alpha for the anxiety (.93) depression (.92) and negative perceptions (.88) was performed.
Regression analysis performed comparing the amount of functional impairment (World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule WHODAS) predicted by the PRPWPQ vs. gold-standard scales of anxiety and depressive symptoms (PTSD Symptom Scale–Self Report and the Beck Depression Inventory). PRPWPQ predicted WHODAS over and above PSS and BDI.
|Links to development/adaptation/validation studies and/or previous studies using the tool||https://www.interventionjournal.com/sites/default/files/7.3%20Jayawickreme%20et%20al.pdf
Jayawickreme, N., Jayawickreme, E., Atanasov, P., Goonasekera, M. A., & Foa, E. B. (2012). Are culturally specific measures of trauma-related anxiety and depression needed? The case of Sri Lanka. Psychological Assessment, 24(4), 791-800.
|Notes when administering the tool||The tool should be administered in a clinical setting.|
Bonnie Kaiser, PhD, MPH
Assistant Professor, Department of Anthropology & Global Health Program, University of California San Diego
Lesley Jo Weaver, PhD
Assistant Professor, Department of Anthropology, University of Oregon
Kathy Trang, MA
Doctoral Candidate, Department of Anthropology, Emory University
Carol Worthman, PhD
Samuel C. Dobbs Professor of Anthropology, Emory University
Roberto Lewis-Fernández, MD
Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University; Past President, Society for the Study of Psychiatry and Culture; President, World Association of Cultural Psychiatry